In 2022, the Indian government introduced new rules for mutual divorce that aim to simplify and expedite the process of divorce for couples who have decided to end their marriage amicably. The new rules were put in place to address the growing number of divorce cases in India and the need to make the process less time-consuming, expensive, and emotionally draining.

Under the new rules, mutual divorce can now be granted in just one hearing, as opposed to the previous requirement of a six-month separation period before filing for divorce under muslim law. This means that couples who have been separated for less than six months can now file for mutual divorce and get it granted in just one hearing.

Another significant change in the new rules is the relaxation of the mandatory cooling-off period of six months after the first motion of divorce. The cooling-off period was introduced in 1988 as a way to give couples time to reconsider their decision and try to reconcile. However, many couples found the waiting period frustrating and stressful, and it often led to more acrimony and bitterness between the spouses.

Now, under the new rules, the cooling-off period can be waived off if the court is satisfied that the parties have mutually agreed to the divorce and have made adequate provisions for maintenance, custody of children, and property division. This provision will save time and reduce the emotional burden on couples who have already made up their minds to divorce and want to move on with their lives.

The new rules also give couples the option of filing for divorce online, which makes the process more accessible and convenient. The online filing process is simple and user-friendly, and it saves couples the hassle of visiting the court physically. This provision is particularly useful for couples who live in different cities or states and cannot afford to travel to file for divorce.

In addition to the above changes, the new rules also specify the documents required for filing for mutual divorce. The documents include proof of marriage, identity proof, proof of residence, income proof, and details of assets and liabilities. The rules also mandate that the parties must disclose their income, assets, and liabilities truthfully, failing which the divorce can be challenged on the grounds of fraud.

Overall, the new rules for mutual divorce in India 2022 have made the process of divorce simpler, faster, and less stressful for couples who have decided to end their marriage amicably. The waiver of the cooling-off period, the provision for online filing, and the requirement of mandatory disclosure of income, assets, and liabilities will bring more transparency and accountability to the divorce process. It is hoped that the new rules will help reduce the backlog of divorce cases in the courts and make it easier for couples to move on with their lives after a divorce.